Conveyors use a large amount of mechanical energy to move a large, stretched rubber belt through various components. This belt is loaded and moves at high speed.
The amount of forces is very high and potentially dangerous. By nature, high speed and moving in narrow paths are the characteristics of the conveyor. These features can be dangerous for personnel working near conveyors Anyone required to work near a conveyor belt should always be aware of the power of the system and its potential to injure or kill untrained personnel.
A transmission system with the potential energy of several tons of material, maybe 600hp (450kW); As a result, the moving conveyor easily wins a tug-of-war with workers and can cause serious injury or even death.
All forms of mass transportation, from mining trucks to trains to ships, have their own risks and safety issues. Although they have risks, proper design, operation and maintenance of conveyor belts can be an effective and safe way to transport materials. Accidents can happen, but they can also be prevented.
Conveyor safety begins with designs that prevent foreseeable hazards. Management must specify safe equipment and workers must follow the rules. Carrying out safety measures in the design, construction, operation and maintenance of conveyor belts and material transfer points helps a lot in preventing accidents. Proper training is key to promoting safety among workers who work around conveyors. How is conveyor belt safety related to dust and material spillage. Material spills from conveyors increase safety hazards in several ways.
Material spills require workers to clean and repair around the conveyor. Placing personnel near a moving belt creates the opportunity for inadvertent contact resulting in serious injury or death.
The following work activities cause accidents in the conveyor belt area:
Working under or near equipment without protection
Using hands or tools to clean moving rollers
Attempting to release locked rollers while the tape is moving
Attempting to put on or take off the guard for the running conveyor
Attempting to remove material from the head or end pulley while the tape is moving
Wearing loose clothing around a moving conveyor belt
Not locking a stopped conveyor before clearing jams (both inclined and flat belts).